Monday, August 10, 2009

What is Buddhism? (အပိုင္း ၁)

ဓမၼေမာင္ႏွမတို ့ေရ...

ကၽြန္ေတာ့္ေမြးေန ့အမွတ္တရအျဖစ္ အမ မသစၥာအလင္း (www.thitsaralin.com) က အဂၤလိပ္လိုေရးထားတဲ့ ဓမၼစာအုပ္အေသးေလးသံုးအုပ္ကို လက္ေဆာင္ပို ့ေပးလာပါတယ္။ ကၽြန္ေတာ္ဖတ္ၾကည့္ေတာ့ စာအုပ္ေလးေတြက ေသးေသးေလးေတြျဖစ္ေပမယ့္ လိုရင္း၊ တိုရွင္း၊ ထိထိမိမိ ႏွင့္ ဗုဒၶဘာသာကို ေလ့လာခ်င္တဲ့ နိဳင္ငံျခားသားေတြ နားလည္ေအာင္ေရးသားထားတာကို ေတြ ့ရပါတယ္။

ဒါေၾကာင့္ အမလည္း ထပ္ဆင့္ ကုသိုလ္တိုးေအာင္၊ ကၽြန္ေတာ္လည္း ဓမၼဒါနေျမာက္ေအာင္၊ စာဖတ္သူေတြလည္း လုိအပ္တဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ အသံုးတည့္ေအာင္ စတဲ့ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္မ်ားႏွင့္ စာအုပ္ေတြကို ပို ့စ္အျဖစ္တင္ေပးလိုက္ပါတယ္ ခင္ဗ်ား။

အားလံုး စိတ္ခ်မ္းသာ၊ ကိုယ္ခ်မ္းသာ ရွိၾကပါေစ။

ေလးစားစြာျဖင့္
၀ိမုတၱိသုခ

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ပထမ ဓမၼစာအုပ္

What Is Buddhism?

Introduction

For more than 2,500 years, the religion we know today as Buddhism has been the primary inspiration behind many successful civilizations, a source of great cultural achievements and a profound guide to the very purpose of life for millions of people. Today, large numbers of men and women from diverse backgrounds throughout the world are following the teachings of the Buddha. So who was the Buddha and what are his teachings?

The Buddha

The man who was to become the Buddha was born Siddhattha Gotama around 2,600 years ago as a prince of a small territory near what is now the Indian-Nepalese border. Though he was raised in splendid comfort, enjoying aristocratic status, no amount of material wealth and sensual pleasure could conceal life's imperfections from the unusually inquisitive young man. So at the age of 29 he left wealth and family behind for the remote forests and mountains of Northeast India to search for a lasting answer to life's problems He studied under the wisest religous teachers and philosophers of his time, learning all they had to impart, but they could not provide the answers he was seeking. He then struggled on the path of self-mortification, taking that practice to the extremes of asceticism, but still to no avail.

By the age of 35 he realized that neither self-indulgence nor self-mortification were leading him to the answers that he was looking for. Then, on the full moon night of May, having turned away from these two extreames, he sat beneath the branches of what is now known as the Bodhi Tree in a secluded grove by the banks of a river, and developed his mind in deep, luminous and tranquil states of meditation. With the extraordinary clarity and sharp penetrative power that is generated by inner stillness, he focused his attention on investigating the nature of existence, its cause and its cessation. Through this contemplation of the essence of reality, he attained the supreme awakening, the experience of enlightenment. From that point on he was known as the Buddha, the Awakened One.

His enlightenment consisted of the most profound and all-embracing insight into the nature of the body, mind and all phenomena. This awakening was not a revelation from a divine being, but a discovery made by himself based on the deepest levels of mediation. It was an insight that liberated his mind from the roots of all suffering: selfish desire, anger and delusion. This experience eliminated all traces of inner conflict and discontent, revealing unshakeable peace. He had found the ultimate solution to life's problems that he'd sought, and the result was unparalleled, sublime, true happiness.

Having realized the goal of perfect enlightenment, the Buddha spent the next 45 years teaching a path of training and development which, when accurately and diligently followed, will lead anyone regardless of race, class or gender to the same awakening. These teachings are called the Dhamma, literally meaning the nature of all things or the underlying truths of existence. The following is a brief overview of the Buddha's teachings.

(to be continued....)

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